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Glossary of Terms:


Bullying is unwanted negative behaviour that happens repeatedly over time. Bullying can be lots of different things. It happens when one person or a group of people are trying to hurt you and make you feel bad and sad about yourself on purpose, day after day and week after week. This is called bullying. Bullying happens face to face or through cyberspace.

    This includes such behaviour as:

  • Leaving people out of things on purpose (Exclusion)

  • Saying mean things (Verbal)

  • Physically hurting someone (Physical)

  • Taking a person’s belongings from them (Extortion)

  • Using gestures or hand signals to threaten someone (Gesture)

  • Calling someone hurtful names


Cyberbullying is bullying carried out using online technology such as mobile phones, gaming sites and social networking sites. As cyber-bullying uses technology, it does not require face to face contact. Cyber-bullying can occur at any time (day or night). 

Cyber bullying is when a person or group of people use the internet and mobile phones to threaten, tease or upset someone else on purpose. They do this day after day and week after week.

Identity based bullying

Identity based bulling is any form of bullying related to characteristics considered part of a person's identity or perceived identity group, such as race, religion, disability, immigration status, sexual orientation, gender identity, physical appearance.

    Areas of Identity based bullying include:

  • Disabilist or SEND bullying

  • Homophobic bullying

  • Racist bullying

Disabilist bullying

Disablist bullying is when people are bullied because they have a Special Educational Need or Disability (SEND). It can be carried out by people both with and without a disability. It includes similar types of bullying such as physical, verbal, gesture, exclusion and extortion bullying.

Disablist bullying happens when one person or a group of people treat you differently or badly just because you have a disability.

Homophobic bullying

Homophobic bullying is when people behave or speak in a way which makes someone feel bullied because of their actual or perceived sexuality. Perceived sexuality means the gender (male or female) to whom one is sexually attracted.

People may be a target as a result of being or having friends who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender.

Racist bullying

This means bullying or harassing a person because of their race (they come from a different country) 
OR because of their culture.